There were rules regarding the burial of the dead and the clothing of infected persons. How does Defoe suggest the horror and human suffering of the plague? GradeSaver, 28 October 2012 Web. Many Londoners embraced phony religious folk, such as astrologers and fortunetellers. He lives with several domestic servants in Aldgate parish. He takes pains to reveal to the outside world that the city's civility did not collapse; although things were tragic and confusing, they were not chaotic or disorderly. Their ignorance was all-consuming. Dr. Gail Saltz, a professor of psychiatry and bestselling author, has some valuable advice for all of us hunkered down in our homes to weather the coronavirus pandemic. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Daniel Defoe’s A Journal of the Plague Year was first published in 1722. The city in question is not Wuhan or Milan or Manhattan. He therefore debunks several rumors and refuses to believe many of the anecdotes that reach his ears. Many of the characters are real, and many of the stories can be traced to actual incidents from the plague. "A Journal of the Plague Year Essay Questions". He is never more contradictory in the Journal on any other topic. They were merciful and generous and made sure their poorer denizens had enough to eat. From a Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe study guide by Nicholas_Cerbone includes 25 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Many of the people in the city constantly wore a sorrowful expression. He knew the sexton who attended the burial pit. The comet for the plague was "of a faint, dull, languid Color, and its Motion very heavy, solemn, and slow" (21) and it clearly seemed to foretell "a heavy Judgment, slow but severe, terrible and frightful, as was the Plague" (21). The passage he reads is in the 91st Psalm-one that was traditionally thought to be written by David in time of plague-and its promises of deliverance convince him to remain in town. H.F.'s narration, furthermore, is barely even that: it is a messy, digressive, rambling, contradictory, nonlinear affair, populated with government documents (the bills of Mortality and the Orders) and data. "It was about the Beginning of September 1664..." to "But I must go back to the Beginning of this Surprizing Time...", "But I must go back again to the Beginning of this Surprizing Time..." to "These Orders of my Lord Mayor's were publish'd...", Summary and Analysis for "These Orders of my Lord Mayor's were publish'd..." to "In other Cases, some had Gardens, and Walls...", "In other Cases, some had Gardens, and Walls..." to "It was thought that there were not less than 10000 Houses forsaken...", "It was thought that there were not less than 10000 Houses forsaken..." to "I have already mentioned the Surprize...", "I have already mentioned the Surprize..." to "I returned to my own Dwelling very well satisfied with my Days Journey...", "I returned to my own Dwelling very well satisfied with my Days Journey..." to "Here the Watch plac'd upon Bow Bridge would have question'd them...", "Here the Watch plac'd upon Bow Bridge would have question'd them..." to "I give this Story thus at large...", "I give this Story thus at large..." to "This might be sufficient to convince any reasonable Person...", "This might be sufficient to convince any reasonable Person..." to "This leads me again to mention the Time...", "This leads me again to mention the Time..." to "It is true, that the next Year made them full amends by another terrible Calamity upon the City...", "It is true, that the next Year made them full amends by another terrible Calamity upon the City..." to the End of the Novel, Read the Study Guide for A Journal of the Plague Year…, Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year: An Examination of the Effects of Apocalyptic Disease on Humanity, Class Distinctions in A Journal of the Plague Year, Autonomy and the Physical Body: Defoe's "A Journal of the Plague Year" and Pope's "The Rape of the Lock", The Plague Diaries of Samuel Pepys and Daniel Defoe: A Historical Overview, View our essays for A Journal of the Plague Year…, Read the E-Text for A Journal of the Plague Year…, View Wikipedia Entries for A Journal of the Plague Year…. However, Defoe used real historical sources in writing this work; he includes bills of mortality, copious data and statistics, and medical information. They began to give their money to fortunetellers and purchased amulets, charms, and philters to protect themselves from the plague. Question: Compare And Contrast A JOURNAL OF THE PLAGUE YEAR By: Daniel Defoe From Inferno: A DOCTOR'S EBOLA STORY GIVE EXAMPLE OF THIS BOTH STORY METAPHOR AND SIMILARITIES. Defoe wrote the Journal when information of the plague returning to Marseilles was circulating London. Before we even began reading A Journal of the Plague Year together, it felt like an obvious choice as we try to find our way through this pandemic. )We accept all sorts of materials into the digital archive, including textual stories and digital objects—images, video, audio interviews, tweets, Facebook posts, Instagram or Snapchat memes, PDFs, screenshots of the news and emails. They thought the plague was spread person to person but it was actually spread from rats to fleas to humans. The streets were alternately empty or populated with people screaming in pain or mourning. This question came out of a elements of literature book. The most conspicuous omens were the comets - one for the plague and one for the fire, as the people believed. Osborne, Kristen. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He warned people against wasting their money on quacks and mountebanks, and to be more rational about how the plague was spread. His work was to provide advice, instruction, and comfort to people who feared a return of the 1665 distemper. How do they think the plague is spread and how is it actually spread? (Haz clic acá para español. Why do you think the narrator chooses not to name the merchant? What are the two contradictory endings of the poor piper anecdote? Here we see a city transformed: some of its streets suspiciously empty, some—with crosses on their doors—overwhelmingly full of the sounds and smells of human suffering. This happy development was short-lived, however, and conditions returned to normal after the plague. Finally, though religious, he is also a very rational man: he excoriates the fortunetellers and quacks who preyed on the poor, refuses to believe the stories of angels and demons and spirits, and rejects any absurd hypotheses as to how the plague spread. He counseled that the best advice was to run away from the plague. There were several responses to religion during the plague. Thus, religion was comforting for most people and was a way to attempt to give some meaning to the terrible distemper. A Journal of the Plague Year, account of the Great Plague of London in 1664–65, written by Daniel Defoe and published in 1722. Finally, he supports the city officials and corrects any rumors that they did not pick up dead bodies. How do the people of London react to the good news? In Defoe's novel A Journal of the Plague Year, who are four characters important to the narrative? A Journal of the Plague Year. What do the Orders reveal about the city's management of the plague? H.F. did these very things as well, pointing multiple times to the fact that the plague was from God and spending a copious amount of time praying to be absolved of his sins. SUBSCRIBE HERE https://goo.gl/uOq9vg TO OUR CHANNEL. A Journal of the Plague Year Questions and Answers. On the one hand, there is a fictional narrator and his story of survival is a product of Defoe's imagination. Hackney coach drivers had to follow certain rules if a sick person rode with them. I don't understand what you mean by Inferno. Published in 1722, nearly 57 years after the events depicted, the work is a first-person narrative told from the perspective of H.F., a saddler. A Journal of the Plague Year essays are academic essays for citation. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. The question of authorship is inseparably linked to whether the Journal is a novel or an historical record. Firstly, it simply did not work as well as officials had hoped. He is a compassionate man, full of mercy and kindness for the poor and the sick. Bring out your dead! Overall, H.F. has a kind and sympathetic tone in his writing on the poor; this is rather unprecedented in the literature on the plague, which tended to demonize the poor and fret about their immoral, teeming presence in the city. It is London and the year is 1665. Choose from 179 different sets of A Journal of the Plague Year flashcards on Quizlet. Finally, he hoped his Journal would change the hearts and minds of people; they should be more moral, reasonable, and grateful for their deliverance. The plague altered the face of London. Before the end of 1666, the Bubonic Plague will kill roughly one-quarter of the city’s population. They rolled the dead bodies, mostly naked, to burial pits and causally tossed the bodies in. How do some people react to the rage and torment of the plague? Defoe's imagination is vibrant, and many of the stories related are clearly fictional. This question has consumed critics of the Journal since its publication. Defoe prints the Orders at length in the Journal, revealing a city government that was trying, in the most organized fashion possible, to control the plague and keep the city calm and orderly. Some could control their bodies, many caused self-inflicted pain and yet others killed their own children. He gives away his own money to the boatman so he could feed his family. Then answer the questions in phrases or sentences. Many watchmen were beaten and killed by angry citizens who wanted to leave. Grieving fathers, dying mothers, and feeble old women populate his narration. H.F., the narrator, is apparently based on Defoe's own uncle, Henry Foe. He does not believe that nurses were prone to killing their patients. A Journal (1722) follows Defoe's fictional narrator as he traces the devastating progress of the plague through the streets of London. It is a novel – actually, it is more a set of loose vignettes – but offers a description of what people during this period thought of and remembered about the plague. 1: That the dead cart workers helped him down in one ending. As this is a first-person narrative, information about H.F. can only be gleaned from his personal recollections and ruminations. On the one hand, he lauds city officials for this practice, realizing that it kept a great many sick people off of the streets. They embraced religion and poured out anguished confessions and asked for redemption. As late as 1965, the historian and critic F. Bastian could still wonder about how the question of authorship affected how much we could “trust” Defoe’s work [Bastian, F: “Defoe’s Journal of the Plague Year Reconsidered.” The novel is written in the first-person and chronicles the spread of the bubonic plague in London in 1665. Share Your Story. People lied for their neighbors and masters of the house did not alert the officials right away when someone was ill, thus giving them enough time to get out before the house was shut up. The people of London, particularly the poor, reacted to these omens and prophecies in a hysterical, irrational fashion. In particular, he thought pregnant and nursing women should remove themselves right away. However, H.F. fills the narrative with reasons why the shutting up of houses was ineffectual and dangerous. In Defoe's novel A Journal of the Plague Year, who are four characters important to the narrative? … The Great Plague: The Great Plague, or bubonic plague, was a major endemic that spread through England from 1665 to 1666. Start studying Journal of a Plague year Questions. Also, he didn't come in contact with enough people to spread it effectively. Copyright © 1999 - 2021 GradeSaver LLC. What are the omens foretelling the plague, and how do the people of London react to them? Many of the tales are anecdotal or apocryphal; some are clearly embellished or invented, such as the tale of a man so burdened with grief that his body began to stoop lower, or the story of a man running furiously into the Thames, bursting his swellings, and thus curing himself of the plague. Journal of a Plague Year Questions. Although H.F. notes that the shutting up of houses was unpopular, the government of London is to be commended for their fair, reasonable, and orderly system to prevent the plague from spreading. He has siblings who fled the city when the plague arrived. A Journal of the Plague Year is one of Daniel Defoe's most popular and strangest works; it is an amalgam of history and fiction that attempts to relate what life was like in London during the plague of 1665-66. A Journal of the Plague Year e-text contains the full text of A Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe. The Question and Answer section for A Journal of the Plague Year is a great H.F. takes pains to debunk these rumors. Secondly, the practice was dangerous. Astrologers warned that the planets aligned in a malignant manner. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A Journal of the Plague Year M E M O I R S OF T H E P L A G U E [Running Head] T was about the Beginning of September 1664, that I, among the Rest of my Neighbours, heard in ordin­ary Discourse, that the Plague was return'd again in Holland; for it had been very violent there, and … Defoe's work is a testament to human fortitude and endurance, but it is also a record of the tremendous pains and privations suffered by the population. Healthy people fell sick when imprisoned in their house with sick relatives. Ultimately, their efforts are successful, especially as major riots were avoided and many people did emerge unscathed from the distemper. He plays down or refutes outright any negative stories that reach his ears, such as claims that the plague-stricken purposefully infected others or mobs rose often among the poor. How do Londoners feel about religion during the plague? In order to protect the reputation of the family. Explain the ways the author believed it changed everything. What are H.F.'s views on the poor people of London? Why do you think H.F. decides to celebrate his living through the plague in verse? The city also tried to crack down on assemblies of many people, closing down plays, games, and other gatherings at taverns and alehouses. He tells stories of nursing mothers who transmit the plague to their children; fathers whose entire households are wiped out; and beloved family members left to moulder alone in abandoned houses. Londoners in 1665 were particularly superstitious, and many of them claimed to have divined omens and prophecies predicting the plague and its function as a tool of God's wrath and judgement. H.F. lauds their endurance and ingenuity and establishes himself as a paragon of compassion and humanity. Narrated by “H.F.,” an inhabitant of London who purportedly was an eyewitness to the devastation that followed the outbreak of bubonic plague, the book was a historical and fictional reconstruction by Defoe. 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