The eccentricity of Mercury's orbit, which is a measure of how much it differs from a circular orbit, is 0.2056. On This Day in Space! The distances of all the planets from the Sun in scientific notation and exponential form- Mercury- 57 million kilometers. Mercury live position and data. Perihelion and Aphelion: Mercury orbits the Sun at an average distance (semi-major axis) of 0.387 AU (57,909,050 km; 35,983,015 mi). Mercury's higher velocity when it is near perihelion is clear from the greater distance it covers in each 5-day interval. This isn't necessarily due to its distance from Earth: The planet orbits close to the sun, which means its light is usually washed out in the evening sky. Mercury Distance From Sun And Earth. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, and on average, it is 57 million kilometers (35 million miles) away. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Mercury, named after a Roman god, is 36 million miles away from the sun and 48 million miles from Earth. Mercury's orbital period would then be (88/365.25) or .241 Earth years. Distance from the Sun: 1st planet from the sun, 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Type of Planet: Terrestrial (has a hard rocky surface) What is Mercury like? The sun as seen from Mercury, which is about 36 million miles from the sun or 39 percent of the distance from Earth to the sun. Mercury is an average distance of 48 million miles (77 million km) from Earth. Distance from Earth: 57 million miles, at the closest point in its orbit; Mean Distance from Sun: 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Satellites: 0; Rings: 0; © 2000â 2015 Sandbox Networks, Inc., publishing as Fact Monster Space photos: The most amazing images this week! mean distance from Sun: 57,909,227 km (0.39 AU) Mercury has the most eccentric orbit of all the planets; its eccentricity is 0.21 with its distance from the Sun ranging from 46,000,000 to 70,000,000 km (29,000,000 to 43,000,000 mi). read more Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! The precise distance between the two planets depends on where they are in their respective orbits. The distance from Earth to Sun in light years is 0.000158 light years. In mid-September and mid-March, the Earth is well placed to viewthe long a… The distance from the sun to mercury is over 9 million miles. When Mercury is closest to the sun, it is only 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) distant, but when the planet is rounding the opposite focus of its orbit, it is 70 million kilometers (43 million miles) away from the sun. Mercury is hard to spot most nights. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. You will receive a verification email shortly. Mercury has a rocky surface and an iron core. Mercury spins slowly on its axis and completes one rotation every 59 Earth days. Pla mercury is so close to the sun which is the est pla to earth general features of mercury closest neighbouring pla scale model of the solar system. Unlike a circle, an ellipse doesn't have a center; instead, it has two foci, and in the case of Mercury's orbit, the sun occupies one of them. New York, As with all the planets, Mercury is not always the same distance from the Sun. Calculator for the average distances of the planets from the Sun and of the Moon from the Earth, in relation to each other or in kilometers, miles, astronomical units and light-years. See more SpaceKids questions. Shortest mean distance between Sun and Mercury is about 57.91 million kilometer or about 0.3871 astronomical unit (AU) [ Convert 57.91 million kilometer to different units ] Mercury is 1 st planet in our solar system view full reference table It takes 87.969 Earth days to complete an orbit. In the diagram the varying distance of Mercury to the Sun is represented by the size of the planet, which is inversely proportional to Mercury's distance from the Sun. It takes 87.96 Earth days for Mercury to revolve around the sun, faster than any other planet, and 58.7 Earth days to … Because of this 3:2 resonance, a day on Mercury (sun rise to sun rise) is 176 Earth days long as shown by the following diagram. Scientific notation- 5.7* 10^7 \\ "km" Venus- 108 million kilometers. 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