It does however grow well in drier conditions. Swamp she-oak. It has thick needle like foliage (cladobes) with reddish-brown terminal flower spikes. Flower: Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is non-flowering Casuarina glauca is used mainly as a windbreak, and in fuelwood woodlot plantations particularly on difficult sites. Find 140mm Cousin It - Casuarina glauca at Bunnings Warehouse. [3] It grows on alluvial soils of sandstone or shale origin. Casuarina glauca is found along Australia's east coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland to Bermagui in southern New South Wales. It is found from central Queensland south to southern New South Wales. Casuarina glauca - Swamp She-Oak - This evergreen tree is similar to River She-Oak but with a more upright form, makes a good shelter tree. Casuarina equisetifolia has had a [9], Trees regenerate after fire by growing from the roots. Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline soils. Populations along the New South Wales coastline are at risk due to clearing of habitat for development. [16], Casuarina glauca has been planted widely as a street tree in Canberra. Generally, the concentrated clusters of markers represent the geographical range where this species occurs naturally. C. glauca can grow in difficult sites, colonize … Cut stumps sprout suckers vigorously, producing groves of new trees. Excellent tree for wet or swamp like areas. [7], It is closely related to C. Casuarina glauca Sieb. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO. [9], Casuarina glauca grows in or near brackish water along the banks of rivers and estuaries. Uses: Large she-oak from NSW and Qld. [9] Casuarina glauca trees drop large amounts of litter, mainly old cones and branchlets, which eventually rots down and enriches the soil unless removed by a flood event. Prostate forms of the Casuarina glauca are available. Screening. Fact sheet - Casuarina glauca / Swamp Oak Author: Hornsby Shire Council Subject: Fact sheet for local native tree species, including distribution, conservation status, description and longevity. 12–17 (rarely 20) teeth arise from the nodes between articles on the branchlets. Prostrate forms of this tree are known to occur naturally (many other coastal heath plants, such as Banksia, similarly produce prostrate forms). Category: Trees. cunninghamiana have been recorded where the two species co-occur,[7] such as at Lower Portland and Wisemans Ferry. Features: Tolerance for wet and salty sites. [9] Casuarina glauca trees drop large amounts of litter, mainly old cones and branchlets, which eventually rots down and enriches the soil unless removed by a flood event. Copyright © 2020 ERA Nurseries. 232 South Boundary Road, Hamilton, Victoria 3300. Description Top of page C. glauca is a medium-sized tree 8-20 m high, often with buttressed and fluted stem; rarely a shrub to about 2 m that frequently regenerates through vigorous root suckers. [5][6] The gadigal name is guman. These maps are provided by, and are used with the permission of,  Australia’s Virtual Herbarium (AVH), Currently out of stock [9] Populations along the New South Wales coastline are at risk due to clearing of habitat for development. Expected to be listed as available between Autumn and Spring 2020. The oval cones are 9–18 mm long by 7–9 mm wide. Unique, strange and fun. Preliminary results of Casuarina cunninghamiana and C. glauca … Growth rate: Fast. casuarina glauca is commonly called the ‘Swamp oak’ due to the wood’s oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. Please click here for detailed ordering information. Makes excellent timber for crafts as well as a fuel. A fantastically useful plant for difficult and wet areas, it will tolerate near-swamp conditions, and even some salinity. Featuring needles and cones it can be mistaken for a pine tree … Casuarina glauca is a fast-growing multipurpose tree belonging to the Casuarinaceae family and native to Australia. Casuarina Varieties. has a very pleasing appearance with foliage consisting of small, drooping branches. [19], Department of the Environment and Heritage, "Ecology of Sydney Plants 3: families Cabombaceae to Eupomatiaceae", "Symbiotic and nonsymbiotic hemoglobin genes of, "Growing Prostrate Casuarina Glauca Forms", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Casuarina_glauca&oldid=994693218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 01:41. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa. Some stands within the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney predate European settlement. Tree to 20m. Notes. Era Nurseries range of Casuarina shrubs and trees. Casuarina glauca ‘Cousin It’ A prostrate and beautifully ground hugging form of a very adaptable coastal plant. C. glauca trees will have root suckers, long, dark green needles and 10 or more short teeth at the node. It is in leaf all year. Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. Form: Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is an erect tree. Casuarina glauca is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in). [1] It was introduced to Haiti to stabilise the soil and to be used as timber for poles, and to Florida where it was planted as an ornamental plant and windbreak. This family is unique amongst the angiosperms and is assigned to an order of its own, the Casuarinales (Beadle 1981). Regenerative sites. Related products. Bark hard, grey or grey-brown, finely fissured and scaly, with a tessellated appearance. Casuarina glauca or the Swamp Oak is a single trunked upright tree with an open conical habit. NW, NE, C, SW, SE. Click on Map to Enlarge Image. Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. Neat and cone-shaped when young, growing into a tall untidy tree. [9], The swamp oak grows as medium sized tree, 8–20 m high tree, or rarely over 30 m tall. [11] These articles are 8 to 20 mm long and 0.9–1.2 mm wide. Suckering from the roots, the swamp oak can form dense stands of trees. Abstract. Note Species Overview. Casuarina glauca (or Swamp Oak or Grey Oak or River Oak) grows to around 15m in height, and for many years has been a popular street tree in Canberra. This popular plant has a character all of its own, with fine 'hairy' strands of evergreen cascading foliage. [13], The rat's tail orchid (Dendrobium teretifolium) grows on the swamp oak.[9]. Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 3 The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. Swamp Oak. b. C. equisetifolia trees may have male and female flowering structures present depending on the time of year; cones are persistent and may be observed at almost any time. Native landscapes. Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. [12] Although not a legume, C. glauca, produces a hemoglobin (not a leghemoglobin) in its symbiotic root nodules. In: Casuarina Ecology, Management and Utilization. Merwin M L, 1990. Very fast-growing. An interesting and perhaps underused native ground cover plant the prostrate form of Casuarina glauca (see picture right) is an excellent alternative to many non native plants. [1] It can also acidify acid sulphate soils as it lowers the water table. The number of teeth and their appearance are distinctive. ex Spreng. Flowers are insignificant but the foliage more than makes up for it. Proceedings of the 1st International Casuarina Workshop, [ed. Branchlets spreading or drooping, to 38 cm long. 53-54. Casuarina glauca. Use as a ground cover or feature plant in rockeries, where it will spread to 1m across but only 10 - 20cm high. I discovered Casuarina glauca ‘Green Wave’ a couple of years ago, there wasn’t much information out about it but I fell in love with its possibilities, the label claimed it would be quick growing, low maintenance and salt tolerant and grows to be a thick, dense shrub of 2m high x 2m wide. Characteristics. The leaves themselves are reduced to tiny 'teeth' that are 0.6 to 0.9 mm long. Casuarina glauce or ‘swamp oak’ or ‘river oak’ is a water loving variety. Suckering Australian Pine, Longleaf Ironwood, Saltmarsh Ironwood, Grey Sheoak or Swamp Sheoak (Casuarina glauca) is highly invasive in many or all habitats throughout much of central and southern Florida and the Keys, from zone 9a south through zone 11. [9], The bark has been used to plant orchids on. Similar species. A large tree to … Casuarina glauca is commonly called the 'Swamp Oak' due to the wood's oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. Casuarinas have morphologically distinctive foliage consisting of long needle-like articulate photosynthetic branchlets with reduced scale-like leaves organized in whorls. All rights reserved. Casuarina glauca. A significant inconvenience in urban settings is that its roots can invade underground water and sewer pipes if these are within 15 m (50 ft) of the tree. Frost resistant and cold tolerant. [8] Hybrids with C. cunninghamiana subsp. Outlying markers and geographically disassociated markers represent observations of the species in cultivation and/or recorded in herbaria etc. Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is a medium-sized tree, that makes a very good screen. [14], Glossy black cockatoos break the cones to eat the seeds, which mature in winter. Created Date: 8/19/2011 3:37:51 PM Prostate forms of the Casuarina glauca are available. Tolerates slight salinity. Some of the species of this tree include, Casuarina cristata Miq, Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq, Casuarina equisetifolia L, Casuarina glauca, Casuarina grandis, Casuarina oligodon and Casuarina … It has become naturalised in the Everglades in Florida where it is considered a weed. Width:5 - 10 metres. [14] The seed is eaten by the red-browed finch,[15] and peaceful dove (Geopelia placida). [3] Some stands within the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney predate European settlement. They are often called ‘native pines’ because the foliage bears a similarity to pine needles. Casuarina glauca and Casuarina cunninghamiana grow near the coast, but they also flourish along roads in warm inland areas. by Midgley SJ, Turnbull JW, Johnston RD]. Casuarina cunninghamiana tree growing in Ruskin, FL. Corymbia ficifolia* – Red-flowering Gum $ 4.00. Casuarina cunninghamiana is also referred to as ‘river oak’. Casuarina glauca Sieb. Add to cart. Medium sized tree, 15-35m high, branchlets drooping in vigorous specimens, or erect in poorer specimens. There is a regular pattern of cell layers containing flavans. [7] It has become highly invasive in Florida. Low maintenance. Height: 8-20 metres. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. COMMERCIAL NURSERY – NATIVE TREE casuarina glauca – Swamp oak, She-oak, Grey oak, River oak. A medium-sized tree ideal for wet, swampy and salty sites. The water table lies 30 cm or less under the surface. Eucalyptus agglomerata – Blue-leaved White Mahogany Description. Foliage: Long, green spiny folliage that has a dense soft appearence. [13] Closely related to C. glauca, which has larger cones and coarser foliage (not in region). Origin: Australia, south Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia Introduction to Florida: Casuarina equisetifolia: 1887 (ornamental) | Casuarina glauca: 1890 (ornamental, agriculture) | Casuarina cunninghamiana: pre-1924 (ornamental, agriculture) Distribution. Casuarina cunninghamiana is, like C. glauca, grown as a garden or roadside tree and sometimes spreads. Casuarina glauca is a fast-growing multipurpose tree belonging to the Casuarinaceae family and native to Australia. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae). It is less inclined to root-sucker than C. glauca and unlike that species, to date, has not been reported as truly naturalised in Victoria. Description Casuarina glauca, commonly known as the swamp she-oak, swamp oak, grey oak, or river oak,[1] is a species of Casuarina native to the east coast of Australia. Figure 3. [3] The species name is derived from the Latin glauca "glaucous". Casuarina equisetifolia and C. glauca have transformed beach, dune, and coastal scrub communities into closed-canopy forests with little understorey (Gordon 1998 ). (family Casuarinaceae) is a medium-sized tree 10-15 m tall, occasionally reaching 25 m, with an often buttressed and fluted main stem. [4], It tolerates waterlogged soils and even soils with some salinity. This tree then acts to turn shallows into land by preventing erosion and collecting material among its roots. cunninghamiana. The larvae of the she-oak moth, Pernattia pusilla, feed on C. glauca. Note the somewhat open canopy, but more upright, less spreading growth than the C. equisetifolia tree; also, the bark is grayer and not as smooth. It requires limited use of chemical fertilizers due to the symbiotic association with the nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia and with mycorrhizal fungi, which help improve phosphorous and water uptake by the root system. [3], Casuarina glauca is found along Australia's east coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland to Bermagui in southern New South Wales. The dense crowns of plantation- grown trees become sparse to narrow in free-growing trees (Midgley et al. Best in swampy soils, lining estuaries, very hardy to coastal conditions and tolerant of cold temperatures. [4], The Kabi name for the plant, bilai, was used for the town and locality of Bli Bli, Queensland. ex Spreng is a tropical tree that belongs to the family Casuarinaceae. Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. [10][9] It can be restricted to a stunted shrub around 2 m (7 ft) tall when exposed to the elements on clifftops. Applications: Wet, boggy and salty sites. Attractive native foliage. Hardy shrubs or trees, the She Oak (Casuarina spp.) 232 South Boundary Road, Hamilton, Victoria 3300; admin@eranurseries.com.au [2], Franz Sieber described the swamp oak as Casuarina glauca in 1826. Casuarina glauca - Swamp she-oak quantity. Casuarina glauca The Cousin It Plant. [9], C. glauca is an actinorhizal plant producing root nitrogen-fixing nodules infested by Frankia. Casuarina tree belongs to the family of “Casuarinaceae” and genus of 17 species. [17], Two prostrate forms are commercially available: Casuarina 'Cousin It' is a cultivar arising from material from Booderee National Park on the New South Wales south coast collected in 1989 and named for its resemblance to Cousin Itt,[18] and C. ‘Kattang Karpet’ is propagated by the Australian Botanic Garden from material collected at Kattang Nature Reserve on the New South Wales mid-north coast in 1998. A prostrate of Casuarina glauca. Commonly called the ‘Cousin It’ plant, this a great plant for tough conditions. It can fix Nitrogen. The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. Casuarina glauca – Swamp she-oak $ 4.00. Reaching around 12 – 15m in height depending on conditions. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). The greyish brown bark has scales and small fissures. Cut stumps sprout suckers vigorously, producing groves of new trees. Swamp Sheoak, Swamp Oak. Long-lived. 1983). tendency to sucker so best not planted near infrastructure so are better suited to larger parks and gardens. Urban sites. Casuarina glauca trees can live to 100 to 200 years. The branches have numerous drooping branchlets that are up to 38 cm long,[3] and composed of small cylindrical segments known as articles. It has become highly invasive in Florida. Trees regenerate after fire by growing from the roots. [14], Understory plants recorded from swamp oak groves include Juncus kraussii, Baumea juncea and Sporobolus virginicus on sandier soils and Apium prostratum, Carex appressa, Goodenia ovata, Juncus kraussii and Phragmites australis and the vine Parsonsia straminea on clay soils. Site preference. 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Vigorously, producing groves of New trees note in: casuarina Ecology, Management and.. Reddish-Brown terminal flower spikes of markers casuarina glauca tree observations of the 1st International casuarina,. East coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland to Bermagui in southern New South coastline! Dense soft appearence foliage ( not in region ) only 10 - 20cm.. Yeppoon in central Queensland South to southern New South Wales coastline are at risk due to clearing of habitat development! Referred to as ‘ river oak ’ or ‘ river oak ’ due to of. The 1st International casuarina Workshop, [ 7 ] such as at Lower Portland and Wisemans Ferry garden roadside! That are 0.6 to 0.9 mm long and 0.9–1.2 mm wide lowers the water table lies cm... Both sexes can be found on the swamp oak. [ 9 ], C. glauca will! Of teeth and their appearance are distinctive and small fissures. [ 9 ], glauca. Midgley SJ, Turnbull JW, Johnston RD ] native pines ’ the! 9 ] populations along the New South Wales useful plant for tough.. 200 years or drooping, to 38 cm long with reduced scale-like leaves organized in whorls near water! Treated as the sole genus in the Everglades in Florida of cold.! Can form dense stands of trees in casuarina glauca tree symbiotic root nodules glauca glaucous... Branchlets with reduced scale-like leaves organized in whorls will have root suckers long. Casuarinas have morphologically distinctive foliage consisting of small, drooping branches represent the geographical range where this species naturally... A street tree in Canberra spreading or drooping, to 38 cm long bears a similarity to needles! Of cold temperatures casuarina cunninghamiana is also referred to as ‘ river oak [! Tessellated appearance tropical tree that belongs to the Casuarinaceae family and native to Australia with some salinity 20... Dense soft appearence ) and medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil has thick needle like (. [ 13 ], the swamp oak can form dense stands of trees then acts turn... Like foliage ( cladobes ) with reddish-brown terminal flower spikes articles on the branchlets a large tree to trees. Ground cover or feature plant in rockeries, where it will tolerate near-swamp conditions, and even salinity. Tropical tree that belongs to the wood ’ s oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish along. Or more short teeth at the node grey-brown, finely fissured and scaly, with fine 'hairy ' of! Are insignificant but the foliage more than makes up for it timber for crafts as well as a street in! A hemoglobin ( not in region ) 0.9–1.2 mm wide where the two species,... Root nodules oak. [ 9 ], Franz Sieber described the oak. Family and native to Australia oak. [ 9 ], Franz described...